Augmentation Cystoplasty: Experience in the Developing World

  • Naveen Ahmed Mahar
  • Mohsin Mustafa Memon
  • Farag Mohsen Saleh AboAli
  • Shireen Piyarali
  • Harris Hassan Qureshi
  • Sara Rasheed Kalwar
  • Murli Lal
Keywords: Clavien-Dindo classification system, augmentation cystoplasty, ileocystoplasty


Objective To assess functional outcomes and classify postoperative complications of augmentation cystoplasty by
the Clavien-Dindo classification system.
Methods A total of 197 adult patients undergoing augmentation cystoplasty between January 2016 and December
2020 at the Department of Urology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), were included in the
study after obtaining approval from the ethics review committee. Patients’ records were reviewed for assessment of
complications up to 3 months of follow-up. Functional outcomes were assessed by comparing preoperative video
urodynamics study (VUDS) findings with follow-up VUDS findings at 1 year. IBM SPSS v23 was used to record and
analyze all the complications, treatments, and pre- and postoperative VUDS data.
Results Of the 197 patients included in this study, 127 (64.5%) were male and 70 (35.5%) were female. The mean age
of the patients was 38.4 ± 9.92 years. Eighty-seven patients (44.2%) remained complication-free, 64 patients (32.5%) had
grade I-II complications, 44 patients (22.3%) had grade III and IV complications, and only 2 patients (1%) had grade V
complications. Stomal stenosis was the most frequent complication, occurring in 14.7% of patients, followed by renal
function deterioration and high-grade fever, each noted in 13.7% of patients. Mean preoperative bladder capacity was
144.3 ± 63.09 mL, mean preoperative filling pressure was 43.34 ± 26.92 cm3 H2O, while mean postoperative bladder
capacity was 460.83 ± 70.69 mL and mean postoperative filling pressure was 7.47 ± 5.79 cm3 H2O.
Conclusion Augmentation cystoplasty can increase bladder capacity and improve bladder function. Because of the
potential for complications, it is essential to carefully choose patients for surgery and provide proper preoperative
counseling. Additionally, it is crucial to give proactive postoperative care.

How to Cite
Mahar, N. A., Memon, M. M., AboAli, F. M. S., Piyarali, S., Qureshi, H. H., Rasheed Kalwar, S., & Lal, M. (2023). Augmentation Cystoplasty: Experience in the Developing World. Société Internationale d’Urologie Journal, 4(3), 195-202.
Original Research